Physical And Emotional Development

The Multiple Advantages That Sport Offers To The Physical And Emotional Development Of Children

Swimming, group sports, judo, cycling, athletics … Sport is a physical activity that brings the body into operation and takes it out of a state of rest.

Sport is a habit that must begin to be inculcated from a very early age, since provides multiple benefits for the psychic and physical development of children . It is important to bear in mind that, in the smallest, the activities do not have to follow a rigid program. Rather, it should motivate them, with varied games or activities that they like.

Sport helps children to integrate socially and acquire fundamental values. In addition to this, it will collaborate in the correct development of your bones and muscles .

The benefits of sport for the physical development of children

Many factors intervene in physical activity. These are the ones that are directly related to improving the health of children.

The practice of any sport gives them cardiorespiratory resistance . In addition, it will give them muscular strength and endurance , flexibility and motor coordination.

Similarly, sports activity reduces many of the pathologies resulting from sedentary lifestyle and poor nutritional habits.

The benefits of sport for the emotional development of children

Sport, in addition to helping them develop physically and be healthy, will favor healthy relationships with other children . But that’s not all, the sport is also good for your mental health; it will help them to have more confidence in themselves, they will notice an increase in their self-esteem in a short time.

Also, sports activity helps the child to integrate rules beyond those learned in school or in the family and allows him to channel his energy. In short, children and young people who play sports regularly are happier and happier.

What is the idea sport according to the child’s age?

The choice of sports activity must be adapted to the age, physical condition and personal preferences of the child. According to the Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equality , the most popular sports for children are swimming, soccer, cycling, basketball, aerobics, rhythmic gymnastics, dance, tennis and athletics.

Up to 8 years old

From the ages of 3 to 8, it does not make sense to practice formal sports. The important thing is that, until that age, children practice activities that predispose them to sports, those that improve psychomotor skills , coordination and balance such as marching, jumping rope or obstacles, climbing or dancing.

From 8 to 12 years old

In this range of those you can already practice individually and in teams sports. The most recommended exercises are those that contribute to growth and general development : resistance, strength and flexibility such as running, gymnastics, swimming, martial arts, judo, tennis, soccer or handball.

From 14 years old

At this age you should start more specialized training, increasing resistance and training time, in general.

The most recommended sports for children


According to UNESCO , this is an “extremely suitable” initiation sport . Judo is much more than fighting, it is an ideal way to develop psychomotor and social skills .


It is one of the most complete sports activities and can start at a very early age, since it works on certain aspects such as coordination , resistance, discipline and companionship.

Among its physical benefits we find the possibility of correcting or preventing postural problems .

team sports

Basketball, soccer or volleyball are activities that exercise the lower and upper limbs, developing good coordination and balance. In addition, it favors work and team spirit .


Athletics is a physical activity that encompasses many activities, which can be outdoors or inside a covered track, ranging from races to pitches or jumps.

This sport is a way for children to channel their energy, gaining physical endurance, agility and lung capacity . Also, while having fun, they will gain confidence in themselves and establish a routine.


Learning to ride a bicycle allows children to socialize with others and have a fun time. This sport increases resistance, enhances agility, stimulates coordination, balances and favors the intellectual development of its young practitioners. In addition, it strengthens the immune system , creates ecological awareness and increases self-esteem.